The Special Services Division encompasses two units: investigations and crime prevention. The Investigations Unit carries out the investigatory functions of the division in the same manner as a municipal police department in conducting preliminary and follow-up investigations. The detectives assigned to the division also coordinate and cooperate with other law enforcement agencies in the course of their daily activities. The Special Services Division provides MIT community members with procedural assistance of the court system. The Investigative Unit also is responsible for investigating sensitive crimes, including domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, and sexual harassment.

The Crime Prevention Unit helps educate MIT community members on preventing crime to property, their identity, and themselves.